Physicians who practice cranial osteopathy are fully licensed doctors who have completed extensive training in anatomy, physiology, neurology, orthopedics, and other aspects of medicine. All DOs have completed 500+ hours of training in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM), passed standardized licensing exams, completed internship and often finish residency training in any medical specialty and/or in OMM. Cranial osteopaths then complete additional post-graduate training in this sub-specialty of the field.
In contrast, craniosacral therapy is a highly simplified approach derived from cranial osteopathic principles. There is no standardized training, certification, or licensure, and some programs require little to no medical knowledge. One 4 day course is required to start practicing and two 4 day courses are required for certification.